Spurred by IoT and information technology, the world is evolving quickly. Many active connected devices are contributing to reforming both different industries and our familiar urban surroundings. Integration of urban infrastructures with IoT solutions has given birth to the “smart city” concept and its development.
The term “Smart City” can’t be described with an exact definition. It is explained very broadly. Though, we can say like this:
“A smart city is a city where IoT technologies improve citizens’ quality of life, direct the city’s infrastructure, and manage its urban environment.”
Data collection, processing, and sharing systems are used to make smart city decisions (through both individuals residents and city government at various levels). To collect the required data, IoT devices and connected sensors are used.
Perks of Smart Cities as Development Model
Nowadays, more and more people prefer an urban lifestyle. Therefore, a growing requirement for active urban management occurs. This is mostly in the case of megacities.
If a city expands based on the smart city model actively using IoT and other information technologies, such a city, and its citizens will get several vital benefits:
Enhanced city utility efficiency
Efficient management of city lighting systems
Amended quality of city’s traffic flow
Improved public transport service and productivity
The global development of city citizens’ living standards
Centralized monitoring of all city services operation
Expanded road safety and convenient transport services
Support use reduction and environmental enhancement
Managing a large amount of data on various perspectives of city functioning.
Internet of Things-Where and how to use it in Smart City?
Already huge numbers of sensors are active. The most exciting idea is the chances of connecting them and growing the potential to execute new solutions. Here are some of the examples of IoT technologies that can be used in the smart city concept.
The number of active sensors is already huge. The most exciting idea is the possibility of connecting them and growing the potential to execute new solutions. Below are some examples of IoT technologies used as part of the smart city concept.
Sensors installed at many points of the engineering infrastructure support detecting pressures.
Service providers get the consumption data through Energy resource meters (water, gas, electricity)
Smart street lighting solution adjust its radiant power to varying lighting environments (for instance, the fast darkness origin due to climate changes).
Smart garbage bin sensors recognizing fill levels send data to drain disposal services to optimize collection ways.
Self-driving vehicles are a requirement for a smart city. Driverless public transportation means it will assist decrease overcrowding, carbon eruptions, and human fault mishaps.
Intelligent transport systems control road info boards, car number plate recognition, car navigation, data flow integration, and traffic lights.
Automatic face recognition systems are widely used in the security area. They examine data from cameras connected everywhere in the city. These systems help finding criminals and missing adults and children.
Smart Parking solutions include low-cost sensors, real-time data, and applications that allow users to watch available and unavailable parking places.
Citizens get notified electronically and get public services, for instance, from government agencies, exclusively online.
Summing It Up:
The more IoT solutions are integrated into the urban surroundings, and our everyday lives, the more data on productivity, hurdles, and infrastructure and environmental development opportunities will be available. Among the many technologies that have recently emerged, IoT can substantially impact developing future cities.
Nowadays, we see most of the cities have developed entire IoT ecosystems, surrounding their residents with added perks such as mobility, security, health care, and higher power. The world is growing, driving positively towards the next industrial revolution.
The fifth-generation (5G) mobile communication application will furnish new momentum to the IoT. So is the “new electricity” for the Internet of Things. Technological improvement will guide the evolution of new solutions making intelligent cities more sustainable, convenient, and safer.